Ramadan 2024 - A member guide

With Ramadan approaching, we want to support you in managing your Roczen journey alongside this important period in the Islamic calendar. The Holy Qur’an requires fasting from sunrise (suhoor) to sunset (iftar) during Ramadan, which in the UK means that fasts can last from 10–21 hours a day, depending on the season Ramadan falls within. This year, 2024, Ramadan begins around Sunday 10th of March and ends around Friday, the 9th of April. The annual observance of Ramadan is a time for prayer, reflection and community in the Musilim calendar. We hope this guide supports you during this important time and whilst your taking part in Roczen.

  • The elderly 
  • Illness (physical or mental) 
  • Menstruating 
  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding
  • Dehydration 
  • Overeating leading to weight gain
  • Reduced activity levels
  • Problems with sleep
  • For individuals living with diabetes,  low blood sugar levels (hypoglycaemia) or high (hyperglycaemia) glucose levels;

What to eat and drink at iftar and suhoor- Roczen protocol considerations

Whilst you will be prioritising and following the rules of Ramdan, we encourage you to follow the Roczen principles wherever possible, aiming for a diet rich in protein, high in fibre, low in carbohydrates and with a range of healthy fats. Remember to look back on the nutrition guidelines if unsure, or ask your group mentor for more tips.

Have a Roczen-friendly meal at the start of Iftar (when the sun goes down), and consider adding Lentils, beans, quinoa or pulses to the meal. The meal should remain a meal and not become a feast.

  1. Consider whole grain oats eggs before Sahoor (the start of the fast, sunrise)  
  2. Yoghurt – this can be a good food to include at suhoor as it provides nutrients like protein, calcium, iodine, B vitamins and contains fluids. 
  3. Try to limit fruits that are not recommended in the plan, such as melon, grapes, prunes, and sultanas.
  4. Drink 2-3 litres of water once Iftar has started
  • Be kind to yourself and listen to your body - it's okay to lower the intensity of your exercises and stop if you don't feel well.
  • Plan your workouts carefully and don't overdo it - consider just maintaining your current level (or even dropping slightly for a few weeks) rather than pushing to improve.
Things to be mindful of

This is a common problem and there are many causes. Headaches during a fast could be due to dehydration, hunger or even a lack of rest. A moderate and balanced diet, especially not missing the pre-dawn meal and consuming adequate fluid quantities, should help to avoid this. Despite the above measures, you should speak to a doctor if you have a persistent, disabling headache.

This can be challenging for someone undertaking a fast. Maintaining good hydration outside the fast, eating plenty of vegetables in your diet and increasing the fibre content of your food should help.

Important considerations if you are living with diabetes
  • Monitor your blood glucose levels at least four times per day.
  • If there is a low glucose level (below 5 mmol/L),  break the fast and treat the hypoglycaemia. Please see our hypoglycaemia guide for more information.
  • If you are feeling unwell or have a high glucose level (above 17 mmol/L), please break your fast and drink fluids and seek immediate medical advice.
When to seek urgent medical attention:
  • Severe dehydration that can present as confusion, fainting, and seizures.
  • Uncontrolled high or low blood sugar which can cause symptoms such as excessive thirst, frequent urination, confusion, weakness, and seizures.
  • Chest pain or discomfort which can be a sign of a heart attack or other serious heart condition.

Please speak with your clinician if you have any questions or need additional advice. We are here to support you.

February 12, 2024
Written by
Reviewed by
  1. Ramadan Factsheet English
  2. Ramadan Factsheet Arabic
  3. Salti I, Bénard E, Detournay B, et al. A population-based study of diabetes and its characteristics during the fasting month of Ramadan in 13 countries: results of the epidemiology of diabetes and Ramadan 1422/2001 (EPIDIAR) study. Diabetes Care. 2004;27(10):2306-2311. doi:10.2337/diacare.27.10.2306 ; link here
  4. Diabetes and RAmadan IDF 2021
  5. Imam and Mosque
  6. The 16:8 protocol
  7. The 24 hour protocol 
  8. Nutritional guide
  9. Diabetes.ORG.UK - how to treat hypos

This link is accessed via the Roczen app